Homoseksuaalsus ehk homoseksualism on seksuaalne või romantiline suhtlemine samast soost isiku(te)ga. Tavalised terminid naissoost homoseksuaali kohta on lesbi ja meessoost homoseksuaali kohta gei või pederast.

Homoseksuaalide täpset osakaalu ühiskonnas on raske määrata (vaata homode arv), kuid enamus uuringuid paigutab selle 2 % - 13 % vahele.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] 2006. aastal tehtud uuringu kohaselt tunnistab umbes 20 % anonüümselt mõningaid homoseksuaalseid tundeid, kuigi vähesed nimetavad end selle tõttu homodeks.[12]

Homoseksuaalsuse mõiste võttis 1869. aastal kasutusele Austria-Ungari kirjanik Karl Maria Kertbeny.

Viited Edit

  1. ACSF Investigators (1992). AIDS and sexual behaviour in France. Nature, 360, 407–409.
  2. Billy, J. O. G., Tanfer, K., Grady, W. R., & Klepinger, D. H. (1993). The sexual behavior of men in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, 25, 52–60.
  3. Binson, D., Michaels, S., Stall, R., Coates, T. J., Gagnon, & Catania, J. A. (1995). Prevalence and social distribution of men who have sex with men: United States and its urban centers. Journal of Sex Research, 32, 245–254.
  4. Bogaert, A. F. (2004). The prevalence of male homosexuality: The effect of fraternal birth order and variation in family size. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 230, 33–37. [1] Bogaert argues that: "The prevalence of male homosexuality is debated. One widely reported early estimate was 10% (e.g., Marmor, 1980; Voeller, 1990). Some recent data provided support for this estimate (Bagley and Tremblay, 1998), but most recent large national samples suggest that the prevalence of male homosexuality in modern western societies, including the United States, is lower than this early estimate (e.g., 1–2% in Billy et al., 1993; 2–3% in Laumann et al., 1994; 6% in Sell et al., 1995; 1–3% in Wellings et al., 1994). It is of note, however, that homosexuality is defined in different ways in these studies. For example, some use same-sex behavior and not same-sex attraction as the operational definition of homosexuality (e.g., Billy et al., 1993); many sex researchers (e.g., Bailey et al., 2000; Bogaert, 2003; Money, 1988; Zucker and Bradley, 1995) now emphasize attraction over overt behavior in conceptualizing sexual orientation." (p. 33) Also: "...the prevalence of male homosexuality (in particular, same-sex attraction) varies over time and across societies (and hence is a ‘‘moving target’’) in part because of two effects: (1) variations in fertility rate or family size; and (2) the fraternal birth order effect. Thus, even if accurately measured in one country at one time, the rate of male homosexuality is subject to change and is not generalizable over time or across societies." (p. 33)
  5. Mall:Cite journal
  6. Mall:Cite journal
  7. Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  8. Mall:Cite journal
  9. Wellings, K., Field, J., Johnson, A., & Wadsworth, J. (1994). Sexual behavior in Britain: The national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles. London, UK: Penguin Books.
  10. Norway world leader in casual sex, Aftenposten
  11. Sex uncovered poll: Homosexuality, Guardian
  12. McConaghy et al., 2006